I think the point that tragedy cannot express the whole Christian worldview assumes that "Christian art" SHOULD express that whole worldview. Actually, isn't that what we hate about "Christian fiction" sold in Christian bookstores? Everything gets happily tied up in "heavenly ever after." While our groaning in this world is not pleasant, it is more interesting than our imaginations of heaven, born of ignorance. And a happy ending that does not include a conversion would not be "Christian" enough, would it, to qualify?
I am intrigued by the concept that there cannot be a Christian tragedy, meaning one that tells the Gospel fully. Perhaps there cannot be one with the tragic hero a Christian, but I'm not sure about that, either. Cannot one escape the flames of hell but still suffer greatly as a result of his own sin, causing others to suffer, too? (David) Is it not properly cathartic by Aristotle's standards if we know he "makes it" to heaven in the end? Hmmm....
To gain a sense of tragedy, Americans must therefore virtually reverse two of their dearest values: on the one hand, we must recover our awareness of evil, uncertainty and fear; on the other, we must gain a sense of man's occasional greatness (which is quite a different thing from 'the dignity of the common man'). For tragedy, in essence, is the spectacle of a great man confronting his own finiteness and being punished for letting his reach exceed his grasp. The Greeks had two words for this--hybris, pride, and moira, fate--which told them that subtle dangers lurk in all human achievements and that the bigger they are the harder they fall. But if Americans believe that there ar no insoluble questions, they can't ask tragic questions. And if they believe that punishment is only for ignorance or inadequate effort, they can't give tragic answers. They can't have the tragic sense.
That sense is to feel a due humility before the forces that are able to humble us, without wishing to avoid the contest where the humbling may take place. We will be a more civilized people when we get it.(pp. 275-276)
This is fascinating stuff! :-)